CULTURE IS THE ART OF LIVING.
It refers to the intellectual development evolved out of
the physical and mental training acquired in the course of the ages in a
The culture of India can be best expressed as comprising
- The mildness of the Indians has continued till date, despite the
aggressiveness of the Muslim conquerors and the reforming zeal of the
British, the Portuguese and the Dutch. The Indians are noted for their
humanness and calm nature without any harshness in their principles and
- Gandhiji’s Satyagraha principle or Ahimsa - freedom without taking a
drop of blood, worked wonders and gave credit to India in the
international arena. Swami Vivekananda in his famous Chicago Speech on
the 11th of September, 1893 spoke of this.
- India is a conglomeration of men and women of various castes and
creed. It is a fusion of old traditional values and the modern
principles, thus satisfying all the three generations in the present
India. The Elite businessman and the common vendor on the road share the
same news and worship the same deity .
- India is a secular coun country as stated in its Constitution. There
is freedom of worship throughout the length and breadth of India without
any breeches or violations of any other’s religious beliefs. The Hindus,
The Muslims, The Christians, and The Sikhs in times of calamity and
during festivities come openly together to share their thoughts despite
their religious affinities. The catholicity of the Indian culture can be
best understood by the fact that hundreds of Hindus visit the Velankanni
shrine or the Nagore Dargah in Tamilnadu.
Closely knit Social system
- The Indian Social System is mostly based on the Joint family System,
but for some of the recently cropped nuclear families. The families are
closely knit with Grandfathers, fathers, sons and grandsons sharing the
same spirit, tradition and property.
India’s one billion people have descended from a variety
of races. The oldest ones are the Negroid aboriginals called the
Adivasis or First settlers. Then there are the Dravidians, The Aryans,
the Mongols, The Semites and innumerable inter-mixtures of one with the
The great Epic,
and the sacred text, the Bhagavad-Gita
teaches the Indians that survival can only be in terms of quality of
life. It provides a framework of values to make the Indian culture well-
(1863- 1902) laid stress on physical development as a prerequisite for
spiritual development, which in turn leads to the development of the
culture of the country. For the past 1000 years various foreign
invasions like that of the Huns, the Kushanas, The Arabs, The Muslims,
The Dutch, The French and the British took place. So the Indians were
exposed to cultures that were totally alien to them. Several attempts
were made by the Indian rulers like the Pallavas, the Chalukyas, the
Palas, the Rashtrakutas, the Cholas, and the Vijayanagar Emperors to
give the Indians an administration, which was in consonance with the
cultural heritage of the country.
Later, religions became an important part in the culture
and places of worship became community centers. The innovations in
religious thinking brought two popular beliefs in India, namely Buddhism
by the Buddha and Jainism by the Saint Mahavir. Then there was a
socio-religious shift or orientation in the Indian culture.
Later in the century
of Indian culture began , but it was stemmed by the efforts of Raja Ram
Mohan Roy, Dayananda Saraswathi, Swami Vivekananda, Naranyan Guru,
Maharisi, Aurobindo, etc. Then there took place a
that emphasized the need to recognize the country’s own culture while
ushering in an age of modernity.
If India’s culture tended to become tolerant,
accommodating, open-minded, deeply but not ostensibly spiritual and
concerned with the common human welfare, then it is due to the great and
relentless efforts of our great ancestors and leaders. Thanks to them
our country has achieved a common culture, despite a staggering